The computing paradigm is not necessarily new, however, due to efficiencies that can be gained in cost and efficiency it has become a very important IT option. With Cloud computing comes a number of security issues and concerns that are associated with it. Depending on the type of cloud computing service offered (i.e. Software-, Platform-, or Infrastructure-as-a-Service via the cloud), there are numerous known and sometimes unknown impacts to the customer. Think Forward Consulting has been involved with one of the first procurements of Infrastructure-as-a-Service and the implementation of FedRAMP and NIST security with the Cloud. Understanding the architecture of the cloud, along with the security and governance models, are essential to realizing the benefits of the Cloud.